A 3D model of the Wounded Knee Memorial, where two singular events in American history occurred. The first and most famous was the Massacre at Wounded Knee, SD by the 7th Calvary on Dec. 29, 1890. It occurred on the battlefield to the South of this site which overlooked it. The incident signaled the last rounding up of free Natives and the tragic ending of a traditional way of life. The pain is still felt to this day.
The second was the Wounded Knee Incident, an occupation by 200 Oglala and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM), from February 27, 1973 to May 8, 1973, in protest of corruption within the band and inaction by the Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization who's authority it was to govern against such occurrences. AIM members Denis Banks and Russell Means were among the protesters. The siege lasted 71 days, giving a voice finally to Natives tired of being ignored. The corruption went unabated, but it signaled an awakening for generations to follow, a resurgence in land claims and justice for Natives that continue to gain momentum.
This model shows the high ground of the memorial the way it looked in 1973. On it is the burial ground itself comprising the gate that overlooks the entrance, and the granite monument to the massacre, dedicated in 1903 to Chief Big Foot and those that perished with him. The cemetery today is full of many tombstones and burial markers. Out of respect they are not included in this model. The church is that of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church, which was where the members of AIM made their stand in 1973 and was one of the last tall structures in the region. It was razed later that year. The foundation is all the remains, now buried.
Measurements are only estimates, based on photos of the church, and my having visited the site in 2011. Travelers to South Dakota are welcome to visit the memorial and the site of the battlefield, which was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965.
This model, geo-located at the following coordinates: 43.142142N 102.364769W, was uploaded on the 125th anniversary of the massacre.
#catholic #church #historic #memorial #National_Historic_Landmark #Oglala #SD #Sioux #South_Dakota #Wounded_Knee