The medersa, where students memorized the Qur'an by rote, was founded by the Merenid Sultan Abou el Hassan in the 14th century. It was, however, almost completely rebuilt under the Saadian rulers in the 1560s and it is they who made their distinctive mark in its architecture and art. See the near-contemporary Saadian Tombs for similar beauty of decoration.
What to See at the Ben Youssef Medersa
The medersa centers around a large courtyard with a central pool for ablutions. The buildings are covered in an abundance of decoration: carved cedarwood, exquisite stuccowork, and colorful zellij tiles. Some elements of the medersa are remarkably similar to the Alhambra palace in Granada, indicating that Andalusian artists were likely brought from Spain for the project.
At the back of the courtyard is a sizable prayer hall, which contains the most elaborate decoration. The interior is covered in an abundance of pine cone and palm motifs, which are used around the mihrab to create a three-dimensional appearance.
Throughout the medersa are many Arabic inscriptions in stucco and zellij tile, the most common of which is the bismillah invocation: "In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful."
#arabesque #goemetric_art #Islamic_art