The Yin Dynasty ruins, also name the Yin empty, discussing dynasty later period capital city ruins. Mr. Guo Moruo in "Visits the Anyang Yin Dynasty ruins" in a poem acclaims: “the area south of Yellow River culture Yin initiates, view this victory in reads the ancient book”. Yin Dynasty ruins located at the Henan Province Anyang west northern suburbs Huanhe both banks, area approximately 24 square kilometers. According to the literature record, moves the capital from the plate age in this (Emperor Xin) perishes the country to the King Zhou, the entire Shang Dynasty later period take this as, altogether passes through 8 generations of 12 kings, 254 years. The age approximately worked as B.C. 14 century's ends before the 11th century.
Is located shore in the Henan Anyang Huanshui River Yin Dynasty ruins is the well-known both in China and abroad Shang Dynasty later period the kings ruins, is also has the literature record and the inscription on animal bones and tortoise shells verification and after the excavation discovery confirmation at present may the determination of age Chinese earliest capital city. The people understood truly this capital city is starts 100 years ago. in 1899 discovered the inscription on animal bones and tortoise shells, the bright group star, attracted likely people's vision on Yin Dynasty ruins this land, in 1928 started Yin Dynasty ruins archaeology, also has turned on this Underground museum front door. For dozens of years, the archaeology worker with theirs both hands, whisks off the dust-laden soil, excavates Yin Dai the palace, Wang Ling, the inscription on animal bones and tortoise shells, the bronzeware and so on important heritage attraction, has unfolded a richly colorful historical picture for us.
Yin Dai pursued commerce to perish Tang Jianguo to business King Zhou, has experienced 31 kings, more than 400 years history. After the Yin Dynasty ruins are the history book once recorded the plate age which move the capital, to the King Zhou body dead country extinguishes the period business. The Yin Dynasty ruins are the first batch of state-level Cultural relic preservation organ which our country announces, its key protectorate is area Xiaotun Village's palace ancestral temple locus, is Wang Du the heart, Yin Wang lives the daily life and the processing government affairs' place; North shore north Huanhe's military officer village, is Yin Daiwang the mausoleum, after the plate age moves the Yin later king died, buries in this, here is a broad in scale the murder ancestor worship sacrificial offering field.
for 70 years, the archaeology worker has altogether discovered palace ancestral temple architectural complex ruins more than 50, Wang Lingda in the Yin Dynasty ruins grave 12, aristocrat common people grave several thousand, sacrificial offering pit 1000, the city trench more than 1700 meters, Handicraft workshop 5, the chariot pit more than 30 places, the excavation unearthed animal bones and tortoise shells 150,000 pieces with large quantities of bronzewares, the jade carving, the earthenware, the bone implement and so on.
Recently, Anyang just held the inscription on animal bones and tortoise shells to discover that the 100th anniversary seminar, under attending Chinese and foreign expert's suggestion in abundance, Anyang decided reports the Yin Dynasty ruins for the world culture inheritance. “the tiger bites the human” from the Yin Dynasty ruins unearthed carved stone, such image, also has many in the Yin Dynasty ruins cultural relic, it has reflected the Shang Dynasty humanity in the nature the difficult survival, the crisis-ridden scene. Anyang then, the forest was densely covered, the lion tiger in groups, might tame including the elephant. This carved stone's original part, has been plundered by the Japanese. the Yin Dynasty ruins' big grave is buried along with the dead, often has the chariot pit. Yin Dai the vehicle has the dual purpose; first, uses in the war; second, to go on a journey. The Yin Dynasty ruins discovery's carapace, according to the expert concluded that the big prolificacy in the South China Sea, thought is from the south high quality goods, this explained that before 3000 transportations already quite developed, carriages and horses' application also is very naturally widespread.
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