The Olympic Games are a four-year sports event that envisages competing among the best athletes in the world in almost all sports disciplines practiced on the five continents.
They, even though they are commonly called the Olympics, are not to be confused with the Olympics: the latter indicates the four-year time interval between an Olympic Games edition and the next. For this reason, although the Games of 1916, 1940 and 1944 were not disputed, they continued to count the Olympics, so the Games of Rio de Janeiro 2016 were those of the thirty-first edition.
The name Olympic Games was chosen to remind the ancient Olympic Games that took place in ancient Greece at the city of Olimpia, where they met the best Greek athletes. Baron Pierre de Coubertin at the end of the nineteenth century had the idea of organizing games similar to those of ancient Greece, and thus excluded from the female sex, but on this point was not heard. The first modern Olympics took place in Athens in 1896. Starting in 1924, Winter Winter Games were also set up for winter sports. In addition, there are also Paralympics, competitions among people with disabilities. Since 1994, the winter edition is no longer held in the same year as the summer edition, but two years later.
The Olympic flag, one of the most recognized symbols in the world, depicts five interlaced rings in the white field, symbolizing the five continents. The chosen colors are in the flags of all nations, so their combination symbolizes all countries, while the interlacing of the rings represents the universality of the Olympic spirit.
The rules and guidelines for the organization of the Olympic Games (both summer and winter), including the symbol of the Olympics, which should be the flag and the motto, are contained in the Olympic Charter, an official document composed 6 chapters and 61 paragraphs, in which the values of the Olympic Movement are explained, as they celebrate, organize and administer the Olympic Games.
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