Magnesium is the chemical element of the periodic table of elements which has as Mg symbol and atomic number 12. Magnesium is the eighth most abundant element and constitutes about 2% of the earth's crust; It is also the third for abundance among the elements dissolved in marine water.
In nature it does not exist in the free state, but is combined with other elements.
This alkaline earth metal is mainly used as a binder in the production of aluminum-magnesium alloys.
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