The Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre) is an oval arena in Rome, Italy. It was built of travertine, tuff and concrete, between AD 72-96 over the reign of 3 Roman Emperors: Vespasian, Titus and Domitian known as the Flavian dynasty. It was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Roman mythology. The Colosseum could hold about 50,000 spectators and some of the crowd could be shaded from the sun and rain by a retractable awning (velarium) which covered 2/3 of the arena The Colosseum contained vomitoria, which were not rooms for people to be sick in after gorging, but were internal passages designed to allow crowds to quickly exit the building. The word is from the Latin “vomo” for “rapid discharge”, giving the English word “vomit”, and thus the confusion. L = 189m, W = 156m, H = 48m Area = 24,000 m2, Arena = 3,800 m2 Credits: Soldier by Changjiang. Gladiators by Nikhil K.