An anti-drug dog is a dog trained by law enforcement agents to search for drugs; The breeds usually trained for this purpose are German shepherd dog, malinois, beagle, labrador retriever and bloodhound.
Cynophiles practice services that require a specific initial training for the dog and the host. When a good understanding between the two has been created, they will start at the job for which they have been chosen and trained. The sectors of employment are four: public order and watch, drug, explosive, search and rescue on the surface or under rubble.
For over 14,000 years the man is flanked by the dog in his activities. By the end of the 19th century, their support for public services was spread, with specifics in security, defense and rescue activities.
Duration and purpose
The specific training course will last about six months and is aimed, inter alia, to create a symbiosis between dog and conductor, with which at the end of the course will give rise to the cinematic unit; It is required that a good relationship be established, from the first moment they must feel the other part of the other in order to best carry out the missions entrusted. The dog psychologist plays a key role: the dog will attribute to his master the role of leader and only he will take orders.
Techniques used and characteristics required
The training technique applied to anti-cancer dogs encourages their natural instincts such as smell, playfulness, and predatory behavior. The aim is to induce the dog to devote himself to research with interest, not considering the activity of a work or a constraint but a game, initially constituted by a tennis ball, which will be replaced by a sponge sleeve with which He will be accustomed to playing since the age of two months through which he is instructed to bring the object back to him, to find it if hidden, to search everywhere to reach him; It is, therefore, essential that the dog possesses a possessive attitude to conquer the puppet with which he plays. An appropriate selection of soldiers and dogs allows you to identify healthy, lively and nervous subjects. The most suitable are the restless ones, having as their main characteristic the tendency to bite all that they can grasp, who are obsessed with the objects won and possess a remarkable investigative activity, that is, they love to inspect new environments without Never show moments of uncertainty. Man-dog pairing is not random: the character of both is assessed with the aim of obtaining perfect symbiosis, a fundamental basis for working best in both educational and operational environments. This procedure is put in place if the dog has already spent the first months or years of life; On the contrary, if the trainer is to have to select the dog from a litter, his first task will be to wean it, so that the dog you choose will learn to recognize it as his herd. Gradually it will stimulate and enhance the propensity to play, socialization with other dogs and with man. Two months the animal will be evaluated with tests that will show its predisposition to domination or submission: it is crucial that the dog demonstrates an inclination to domination so that the trainer over time can stimulate curiosity and predatory instinct. Dogs considered fit will begin a path along with the instructor and learn to overcome more and more steep paths. After the period of knowledge comes work: seven hours a day of basic obedience training (sitting, ground, foot, come). It starts with the launch of a tennis ball with which the dog has already become familiar with the obedience held in the first months of life, stimulating and rewarding with it, this time the ball will be impregnated with marijuana smell, meticulously rebuilt with Chemical preparations that have an odor identical to that of the various drugs on the market, so that the animal does not risk any contact with these substances. This way for the dog the drug does not matter and becomes the only way to get the odorless cotton sleeve that is the real trophy he or she wants. It thus exploits the predatory instinct of the dog that associates the ball, the prey of the circumstances, to the odor of the astonishing. This game will be played by adding new challenges: launching length, wind direction, weather and environmental conditions, terrain configuration, etc. The tennis ball will then be replaced with a spongy and rolled square spatula sleeve in which a drug bag will be hidden and tied. After the find, the bag will be removed and the reward will be the "rope throw" game with the sleeve that represents the real toy for the conquest of which the dog is willing to sniff for hours, bite and tear: innate behavior in the dog And that gives him intense satisfaction. Research exercises are then carried out by simulating reality, hiding the drug in a confused suitcase among many, on a person to be identified in a group. From time to time, the dog will advance the research by going for car, plane, trains and large premises, familiarizing himself with the environments with which he will be in contact in the future. At the discovery the conductor will always have to reward the dog with the fun shooting game, which is indispensable to satisfying the dog and rewarding him for his success. After spending months of intense training and passing a rigorous exam, the search for "light drugs" will go to that of "heavy drugs". When dogs reach one year of age, a commission submits them to a psycho-aptitude selection. After it is overcome, the final stage of training will be started in the barracks and at the disposal of law enforcement.
The drug finding reaction differs from the behavior of an anti-explosive dog, who sits down when sniffing some of the drugs, as they in their presence digest up to scare them, though. Imprinting is the same as anti-explosive training.
"No dog sniffs or eats these substances, dogs will become ill and we can not afford to lose our vital lymphoma. Dog health is always the priority"
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