The Roman Cavalry - Oval Shield (1st and 2nd Century AD) - Pattern 1

The Roman Cavalry - Oval Shield (1st and 2nd Century AD) - Pattern 1

MorBius
It is uncertain just when the Roman Cavalry started using shields, but evidence suggests that they first started appearing in southern Italy around 400 BC. By 250 BC cavalry shields came into widespread use pattered after early Greek Hoplite shields. From there, the shape of the shield evolved around 200 BC into a flat circular form similiar to those of the Celtic tribesmen. Eventually, the shield took on the common oval form characteristic of the Roman Cavalry of the 1st and 2nd centuries BC, although other shapes could often be found during this time period. Unlike contemperary Roman Infantry shields, these cavalry shields were flat, but like their infantry counterparts, were made of 1/4" to 3/8" plywood covered with leather, with a metal rim and central boss, and back bracing made of wood strips to add rigidity to the shield. This model represents an oval shield with dimensions of 489" x 27" and is painted with one of a variety of patterns known to exist during this time period. #cavalry #legion #military #roman #Rome #shield #war
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