An armor (sf, from the Latin armor, derived from the armāre verb, "arming") is a protective equipment used to defend the body of a man during a confrontation, whether it is a war or a civilian Of riot). It consists of a set of defensive white weapons for the passive defense of the various parts of the body: the helmet for the skull, the chest for the chest and special protections for the arts (schnauzer, bracelet, gun glove, etc.). These components, usually called "pieces", are then attached to the shield, an active white defense weapon.
The history of armor began in conjunction with the history of the practice of war and saw humanity resort to the most disparate elements to make protective pieces: simple layers of fur, leather and bone, then more and more robust metals (bronze, iron and Steel), finally coming to synthetic fibers such as kevlar. The types of armor that had been developed by mankind were, most of all, in the Eurasian continent and until the seventeenth century, the most disparate type: the Panoply of the Greek oplites, the Celtic knot of the Celts, the segmented lorica of the imperial Roman legion,
Today, the equivalent of the ancient armor is made up of bulletproof jacket and modern helmet.
The armor was also commonly used to protect war animals, such as the war horse and the war elephant. The set of weapons used to protect the horse was called "Barda". Particular armor was then developed for those hunting dogs used in particularly risky hunting practices such as hunting wild boar.