The Roman Legions were renowned for their brutal, efficient use of the short sword and over the centuries the style of short sword changed as tactics changed or were refined. Beginning around 218 BC with the "gladius Hispaniensis", a medium-length cut-and-thrust weapon with either parallel or slightly waisted edges, and blade lengths of between 25 in. and 27 in. and widths of 1.6 in to 2.2 in, the Mainz pattern is thought to have developed from these leaf-bladeded short swords used on the Celt-Iberian peninsula (what is now Spain) and adopted for use in the Republican Legions during the reign of the Emperor Agustus (27 BC to AD 14). As the Roman fighting styles had evolved, the Mainz pettern, with its' shorter and broader waisted blade (beteween 15.7 in . to 22 in. in length, and up to 3.15 in. aross the shoulders) and notably long tapering point was ideal for this purpose. This model depicts one of these Mainz swords, together with a simple later period wood and leather scabbard. .
Note that while this sword was eventually superseded by the narrower and straight edged Pompeii Gladius, is was not unusual to find the Mainz pattern sword in use concurrently with the later Pompeii style well beyond AD 200, as was the case with most military equipment and armor during the time of the Roman Empire. #ancient_weapons #arms #army #cut #empire #gladias #Gladius #Legion #legionary #Mainz #mantz #military #Roman #Roman_Army #roman_empire #Rome #short_sword #soldier #stab #Sword #thrust #war #warrior #weapon