Model of Hindu cosmography

Model of Hindu cosmography

Thomas
This is a simplified representation of Purāṇic cosmography. It presents a cross-section of the Cosmic Egg (brahmāṇḍa), revealing the saptadvīpa model of our universe. In this scheme, the golden annular “end of the world” (lokasaṃsthiti) surrounds seven oceans and six island continents (dvīpa), all of which surround our circular world, Jambūdvīpa. The latter is divided into nine world regions or varṣas by means of eight mountain ranges (varṣaparvata), with the centre of Jambūdvīpa occupied by the gigantic World Mountain Meru. In this model the proportions of the islands, oceans and mountain chains as well as of Mount Meru conform to the ones given in Purāṇic accounts (cf. W. Kirfel, Die Kosmographie der Inder nach den Quellen dargestellt. Bonn – Leipzig 1920, p. 54-147). The southernmost varṣa, facing the yellow side of Meru, is called Bhārata and roughly corresponds to the South Asian peninsula. The mountain range separating it from the varṣa to its north is Himavat, the Himālaya chain. Anyone who would like to use this model to improve upon it and make it more detailed is free to do so and is kindly requested to upload the new version to the SketchUp Warehouse for others to use. For more information on this model and on the layout of Jambūdvīpa, s. http://goo.gl/nI7Q7f & http://goo.gl/G1pAQc. Regarding the different colours of Meru’s four sides and of the floors between the first four underworlds (pātāla), s. http://goo.gl/hZnH5. #cosmography #Hindu #India #jambudvipa #jambūdvīpa #Meru #purana #purāṇa #saptadvipa #saptadvīpa
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